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I am an Indian and have done these exercises in the traditional training arenas, the dangal or akhara as we call them. Your name of "youth-restoring calisthenics" is well chosen.
When I was 16-17, I tried a bridge (after seeing an actress do it in a movie) and messed up my back, specifically the left shoulder blade. I had pain in it for more than a year. X-rays didn't show anything. It was a kind of dull pain that would wax and wane. I tried some topical pain relievers but there was no relief. I even tried some traditional osteopath treatments as well, but they required a lot of prep and I couldn't use them regularly. The pain remained. Eventually, I got fed up and started doing Indian pushups (what you call Hindu pushups) and the pain cleared up literally within days. Years later I busted up my knee and front squats came to my rescue, but that is a different story.
This was before I joined the dangal. I joined one in my graduation years and enjoyed it. My only gripe was the lower body work. Reps upon reps and no progression. Some guys would hold a dumbbell in each hand and elevate their heels on a weight plate or something. But not enough.
There the rule was you couldn't enter the wrestling pit unless you could do 500 Hindu squats - in a row. I went up to 300, as I remember it now, and started having pain just below the calf. Went up to the coach, a grizzled wrestler, insanely strong old man, and told him about it and he said that the pain will be there and I should learn to live with it. That put me off and as life moved on, I didn't try to keep up. Overall, it was a good experience and I learned about myself a lot.
It is really strange that in India Gama is a household name but nobody uses his exercises. Nowadays everybody wants to use machines because they are safer. Anyways, good luck with this endeavor of yours sir.
Great post, thank you!
"Youth-restoring calisthenics" is a term used by Pavel in Super-Joints, and I think it fits the bill perfectly. I have spent a lot of time thinking about programming. As for the number of reps: not enough = no results. Many people are also avoiding "toes over knees" squats - and they should do some.
On the other hand - too much = not necessarily better results, and possibly overuse injuries.
GGP is about "minimum effective dose".