While grip on one hand (pun intended) and abs on the other are the easiest ways to build strength—as stated by Pavel himself—carries are not talked about much as a strength-building tool. And carries are hardly ever a staple in a group or individual training programming, despite the fact that kettlebell carries (and all carries in general) provide several advantages for both training settings.
It is worthwhile to consider the idea of adding carries to your repertoire.
Although this idea does not follow addition by subtraction, it does follow the principle of specialized variety—or as chief Brett Jones calls it “spice to the main dish.” Options are multitude, application is simple. Let us carry on, shall we?
Why Kettlebell Carries? The Physical Advantages
Let us start with the end in mind—we want to be strong(er). Our CEO answer to the question, “What is the easiest way to get stronger overall?” cuts to the chase—ab work and grip work.
Carrying one or two kettlebells of a certain weight for a certain amount of time or distance can increase grip strength. Your hand has to clinch like a clamp, your forearm and upper arm tighten up like a steel cable, your shoulder has to stabilize, your lats fire from broadening your back, and your traps have to hold that eccentric load.
Also, as you walk around with iron held in one or both hands, you learn to stabilize your gait. Your balance and stability are challenged as you move. The weight has you counteract and even out the transverse/rotational forces as you move around the gym, park, or neighborhood. Greater core stability is the result, and better posture follows.
Dr. Stuart McGill, for instance, found that asymmetric carries challenge the quadratus lumborum and abdominal wall. In turn, a rigid core helps to transmit hip power through the entire body, which is needed when we perform athletic feats such as executing a quick change of direction or carrying a heavy load. As such, a strong and stiff core strengthens the body for any physical performance.
Although carries could be done just to train grip or core stability, carries of different sorts will ultimately help with presses and contribute to better/longer grip for heavy swings and snatches, adding to the WTH-effect of kettlebell training.
Additionally, there is this thing often referred to as “work capacity.” Depending on the weight used and the distance covered, work capacity with carries can be defined as mostly alactic and/or glycolytic in nature—unless you go light and decide to walk a mile (then it would become mostly aerobic). A more general term you could employ for what you stand to gain from carries is “general endurance” or “potential productivity,” as explained by the CEO.
In this perspective, carries could also be a great, simple way to gauge progress in work capacity. Can or can you not carry X amount of weight in this specific manner for a given distance (or time)?
Furthermore, it is useful to note that carries can be great exercises not only to perform (as an athlete) but also for assessment (as a coach). Waiter walks (a one-sided overhead carry) done with a light weight are a great way to quickly gauge overhead mobility and stability in your students. A suitcase carry will help you look for bilateral differences.
Although these carries by themselves do not necessarily tell you the underlying cause of issues, they offer you an entry point to have students deal with problems preemptively and proactively. This is something that can make a difference over time for a student or athlete and their training longevity. All in all, a great topic in and of itself, but far beyond the scope of this article.
Applying Kettlebell Carries as a Practice
Kettlebell carries are low skill and easy to learn, with very little teaching required. Pick it up, hold on for dear life, and off you go! That is usually how it goes.
In other words, technique is not a limiting factor to the potential productivity. Therefore, carries can be easily implemented in a group setting. Whether you are coaching novices, more advanced students, or a mix of both, the challenge and purpose of the drill can remain the same while the weight used is adjusted.
When you start implementing carries with your students, the purpose of the exercise must be clearly determined. For this, it is important to first decide the training goal. Do you work extra on grip for a month? Or would you like to train grip on one session and focus more on core the next? The answers to these questions will determine the course of your programming.
At STRENGTH & Company, we have had success implementing a wide array of carries once or twice a week at the end of our kettlebell classes, as there is no specific need to do it more often. Besides the ease of implementation and short learning curve, carries also offer a way to incorporate specialized variety and keep things fun.
People tend to perceive these drills as challenges or feats of strength. This keeps the conclusion of each class more animated and ending on a high note. It also helps the students broaden their own idea or definition of themselves as “being strong.” Therefore, it keeps training fresh and fun in a StrongFirst kind of way.
The What and How of Kettlebell Carries
There are two basic variables to keep in mind when programming carries for either a class or private setting and pursuing your determined training goal:
- Is the carry single or double kettlebell?
- Do you hold the kettlebell(s) overhead, in front rack position, or to the side?
One-sided versus two-sided carries put different demands on the body:
When you carry one-sided, rotational forces (and anti-rotational effort) are a constant. You are preventing yourself from twisting and bending like a rag doll as the unloaded side, both front and back, is working to keep you straight up and moving forward. One-sided carries are great for addressing bilateral differences and imbalances in the upper-body.
On the other hand, a two-sided carry can be looked at as a sequence of alternating single-leg stance where the athlete has to keep his or her physical integrity. The anti-rotational tension needed changes from one side to another like the ball during a game of tennis. Two-sided carries are also performed with greater absolute load, thus putting more structural stress on the body, as well.
The position of the kettlebell is the second variable that will alter the main type of training effect—but keep in mind that all carries will address both grip and core, only to differing degrees.
- Obviously, in the overhead position, you are training the shoulder and potential issues with the thoracic area will become apparent.
- The front rack position will teach the concept of bracing and breathing and mostly target the upper back.
- Side carries will also concentrate on the abdominal wall with the added bonus of serious grip work.
Now let’s go more in-depth into different specific carries and how to apply them in training.
The waiter walk is a one-sided overhead carry that is great for getting a first glance at someone’s overhead mobility and stability. Have the person stand with the kettlebell pressed out overhead and walk around for up to half a minute or so. Use a light weight (8kg kettlebell for women or 12-16kg kettlebell for men) and switch sides a few times. The fatigue build-up will show you how the person compensates or not.
If you would like to train your grip, the bottom-up carry will do just that. According to Dr. McGill the bottom-up kettlebell carry should be a staple in anyone’s training with carries. Start with a lighter kettlebell (8-12kg for women, 16-20kg for men) and do 2-3 rounds of 30-40 meters each side at the end of your sessions.
Lastly, the suitcase carry is a great exercise to strengthen the obliques, as the unloaded side must constantly work to keep you on the straight and narrow. You could either go heavy (24-32kg for women and 36-44kg for men) for a short distance (up to 40 meters) for 2-3 sets or keep it to 1-2 sets with a medium weight for 50-100 meters.
It is key to note that you walk a straight line during all these carries. If you notice you are not walking straight that means your nervous system is giving in. This is a crucial element, and one that is equally important for all carries. All too often, before grip lets go, there are other tell-tale signs that signal the body is straining to retain movement integrity. Head position, shoulders, and path of direction all ought to remain stable.
If you want to improve overhead stability and lockout, arm bars and waiter walks at the beginning of a training session and overhead walks at the end can help. The overhead walk is more difficult than the waiter walk since you have both arms up at the same time, and it, therefore, requires more mobility. You might be surprised at how a relatively light weight (8-12kg for women and 16-20kg for men for 30-40 meters) can challenge that overhead position. A good benchmark would be to see if you can overhead walk 40 meters with what you can press for a double.
Overhead carries can also be a good warm-up exercise or specialized variety drill when performing barbell military presses. Obviously, you stabilize both shoulders separately, but unlike in a barbell overhead carry, each shoulder also has to carry equal weight separately. A small difference with a huge impact.
Double kettlebell front rack carries will teach someone to brace and keep abdominal tension while still breathing through the nose into the belly, especially under the stress of exertion. It is easy, until it starts to feel heavy.
If people start to bend backward in the double kettlebell front rack carries, this means they are losing their integrity and are looking for stability in the lumbar spine rather than using abdominal pressure. We usually do 2-3 sets of 60-80 meter at the end of practice. It is also a wonderful drill to add if you have athletes or students do mixed modal conditioning pieces. Heart rates will go up in, well, a heartbeat.
Once our students get a handle on the bottom-up carry (mind that pun), the next step is the double bottom-up carry, although they might want to start with holds the first few times around. Being able to handle two kettlebells bottom-up (to then squat, carry, and/or press) is a game-changer for improving whole-body tension and an excellent way to increase grip. Again, you may be surprised how relatively light the weight needs to be. 2 to 3 rounds of up to 40 meters with 8-12kg or 16-20kg will be fine for most trainees at the end of a good practice.
Lastly, the farmers walk is another staple that is simple and effective. In his book Intervention, Dan John mentions a farmer walk with bodyweight in each hand as a game-changer for men. For women, he mentions 38kg per hand. Most gyms don’t have kettlebells that go as heavy as a man’s bodyweight, but there are other good ways to get equally strong with a pair of kettlebells up to half bodyweight.
If you have the heavy weights at hand (that is the last pun, I promise), great, go for 2-3 sets of 30-40 meters of farmers walk—but do keep in mind the greater structural stress on the body. With medium weight, you could go for several bouts of 50-100m or a single long walk (for example, as far as you can—just make sure you are able to walk the weights back at some point).
Don’t Forget the Kettlebell Carries
The arsenal of carries described here is a great set of tools you can use in training, whether in a group setting or one-on-one and whether it be for general fitness or sport athletes.
I hope this article provided good insight into the why and how of kettlebell carries as a means to build strength simply, or simply build strength. Because the way you carry your strength matters.
By the way, it is in my opinion that carries should not be limited to kettlebells. That is, if you seek to fully reap the benefits of carries in a training program. Barbells, farmer bars, and sandbags are all wonderful tools to practice and train with. In our gym, we have had success using old army knit bags, which can hold up to 50kg.
Can you train well without these “odd” carries? Yes. Do the benefits outweigh the cost of adding them to your repertoire? Yes. Even ruck sacks, wheel barrows, or big rocks—anything goes and has its own peculiar ways of building you up stronger and increasing work capacity.
26 thoughts on “Why You Should Consider Adding Kettlebell Carries to Your Training”
I have never thought about the farmers walk and how much it can assist! Looking forward to adding this to my catalog of exercises! Thanks guy. great article
This is fantastic. I’ve been looking for new ways to challenge myself with my kettlebells and I think I just found it. Will definitely give these carrying variations a try.
Let me know how it goes Carmen! Like I said, a carry to finish a training session will get you a long way! (But remember it’s your spice.)
Great article, Dorian.
Just a question for Pavel- haven’t seen any new articles from you in a long, long time on this blog.
Your last few articles on ‘easy conditioning’ and alactic, glycolitic and aerobic training made a solid impact in my training, and has left the appetite whet. Do come back…we miss your writings, and I’m sure others would raise their hands with me.
Kind regards from Oz
Rob, he is still working furiously on the new book…but your note has been passed along. :]
(And no you are not alone!)
When will the new book be out? Is there some info on it anywhere?
Thank you Rob!
I’ve just read the article and one sentence gets my attention in particular: “One-sided carries are great for addressing bilateral differences and imbalances in the upper-body.”
Question: I m coaching tennis, and even though I have trained with weights for a long time, I have big differences from my right (the stronger side) to my left (the strong side as we’ve been taught).
So, does it mean it would be useful to do more carries using my left side?
And since I m on this topic, is there another way or book or else I could invest time and energy in order to solve this imbalance issue? And injuries…
Thanks for the article, I was wondering how to use these carries for a while. Cool!
Benoit, when you play an asymmetric sport like tennis it is logical you have an asymmetry (likewise with golf, hockey, baseball, etc.). It does not, however, mean you should necessarily do more carries on your left. I take it you’re a righdie, further assuming your right side (shoulder and trunk) is stronger. Based on this you could start by experimenting with suitcase carries (more so on the right (works the left side)) and bottom-up holds/carries/presses . The rabbit hole goes deeper than this, but dig in & explore for yourself!
I do not know of any book, but Julien Pineau has interesting stuff on imbalances and weaknesses.
Hope this helps you to get started!
Here it the “full” explanation of the test we use:
By themselves, Farmer Walks can train the grip, core and gait as well as anything else you can do. But there is an issue: load.
Load has been the topic of a lot of serious discussion in our gym. Sophomore girls in high school can use eighty-five pounds per hand, yet this is well over bodyweight total. Some have argued for bodyweight in each hand, others half of bodyweight per hand. That’s a big difference. Going too heavy makes the exercise a stumble and fumble. But going too light is not the answer either. Like Goldilocks, we want “just right.”
The downside of going too lights is that people can go a long way…a loooong way. Most people using this test have discovered that erring on weights being too heavy seems to work better.
Mike Warren Brown pointed out that so many people have issues trying to get a handle on loads in the farmer walk. We came up with a reasonable answer: Use the standards from the squat numbers in my book Mass Made Simple for individual people, and the trap bar numbers for gym members or large groups or teams.
Trap Bar Farmer Walk (Mass Made Simple Squat Standards)
Bodyweight on the left, load on the right
• Under 135 pounds: 135 pounds
• 136–185 pounds: 185 pounds
• 186–205 pounds: 205 pounds
• Over 206 pounds: 225 pounds
We experimented with half of bodyweight per hand using actual farmer bars, and it worked well, but we realized it’s not universally repeatable since many people don’t have the specialty bars.
Kettlebells work well, too, and more people have those. Strive for bodyweight (half in each hand), but be aware that many places don’t have enough bells at that weight.
Kettlebells (One in Each Hand)
Bodyweight on the left, load on the right
• Under 135 pounds: Double 24s
• 136–185 pounds: Double 32s
• 186–216 pounds: Double 40s
• Over 216 pounds: Double 48s
Load up and walk away. And, yes, it is that simple.
Dan, thank you for this info! If I just wanted to work on Kettlebell swings and carries, how many times a week should I work on heavy carries? As of right now I like doing 100 swings and the Cook Drill 6 days a week. Would it be too much to add heavy carries into the mix?
There you have it, on a platter. Thanks for chiming in Dan.
I like to put hand towels through the handles of my kettlebells for my farmers walks sometimes. Makes the grip work a little harder. Awesome article!
Thank you Mylan! Some extra variety, and ‘softer’ on the hands no doubt 😉
I have found that adding loaded carries at the end of a training session, occasionally,does add quality to your work. I found that alternating these occasional carry days with crawl days works extremely well. Just enough spice and plenty of movements to avoid becoming stale without “being all over the chart”.
Indeed, the basics work Gus. Well what do you know?! 😉
Another GREAT article! Thank you Dorian, I’m am simply amazed how you guys keep coming up with “practice” for this amazing “gym in the hand”!
Thank you, Pavel!
As a tile setter,I often have to carry 80lb bags of sakrete sand mix,50lb bags of thinset and 10-25 lb bags of grout,as well as 5 gal buckets of mixed thinset mortar. That being said, what hurts or tightens up the lower back most seems to be the getting up from the knees and down again constantly throughout the day. Any ideas on how i can remedy the tightness in the lower back ?
This is a question that cannot be solved here, Tyler. I suggest you invest (time & money) in finding a good coach you trust and get screened by a good kine-/physiotherapist who fully understands the demands of your job and the need to keep making a living. If both can work together, the better! All the best!
5 gallon water jugs are also a great addition/alternative. Weight can easily be adjusted from 18kg on down. And if you find the ones with handles, the farmers walk is rockin.
Same, but different.
Excellent article Dorian! 🙂
As stated in the piece, these carries accomplish a lot for what appears to be simple maneuvers. My personal experience initially was that my grip would give out before the rest of my musculature. Over a progression of weeks I developed significant increases in both grip strength and smoothness in stride. BUT…The biggest benefit was in the psychological aspect of these drills…I just felt I was tougher and more ready for any adverse situation that might come my way…I guess you can call this “real world” preparedness training. AND, don’t forget: form, form, form!
I have been doing farmer walks for the last two years but not by choice. My preferred corner of the gym is located up one floor and on the opposite side of the building from where the bells are stored. I don’t have a lot of time to train and this routine is a nice way to begin and end my session. Mon, Thurs – Simple & Sinister (4 sets per side each exercise). Tues, Fri – Double KB Front Squats. Walking down the stairs with two bells gets your attention.
Great article, Dorian! Something to add to the end of my KB training. Thanks 🙂
Thanks Jan, keep me posted on where it takes you!
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