The Triple Progression System Explained

I’ve been asked numerous times to formally outline my triple progression system. In reality, it’s not mine—it’s as old as the hills. Bodybuilders have been using this approach for decades as a simple way to increase both size and strength in a specific lift.

The triple progression system can be used with grind lifts such as the press or the squat, as well as ballistic moves such as swings and snatches. As with all things in StrongFirst, it is principle based and that makes it adaptable to many tools.

What It Means to “Own” the Weight

The beauty of triple progressions is in its simplicity as well as its self-regulation. You’re going to first aim for your goal number of sets, then reps, then finally the weight. By requiring you to be able to do a specific number of sets and or reps strongly before you advance the weight, the method limits the amount of work you can do until you adapt to the workload.

The key word is strongly. You must own all the sets and reps before moving on or this approach will not work. For our purposes 80% effort is “all out.”

So what does “owning the weight” mean in real terms?

  • It means being able to do the sets and reps with confidence and concentration. You are not in “survival” mode where all your attention goes into the effort. You should still be able to focus on the details of the lift and what is happening in your body.
  • It means you could probably do another rep at the end of each set or come close.
  • It means you don’t have to psych, get your blood pressure up, or get slapped on the back by your training partner.
  • And, it means the weight doesn’t scare you anymore.

If any of the above is not true for you, it means the weight is probably above 80% effort. “Training” occurs for the most part between 70 and 85% of effort. Above that is “testing,” not training. And even when “taking a weight” or testing, you should be in control at all times.

Sets, Reps, Weight

The triple progression system can work with any number of sets or reps, but since we are StrongFirst, we focus on strength and that means lower reps. For hypertrophy, I would use 5 sets of 8-12 reps. For endurance, I would choose 3 sets of maximum repetitions.

But for the grinds, I use the time-tested 5×5 as my baseline—this goes for presses, squats, deadlifts, or pullups. This approach can work with any lift, but these complex moves lend themselves to this system very well.

The plan is to only push yourself on a lift once per week. You can use other exercises that resemble the main lift on alternate days or even the same lift but with submaximal weights and volume (basically just work technique and form). Assistance exercises to bring up weak muscle groups can be done after the main lift each session, too. For example, I barbell press on Mondays but do pushups two other days per week as well as side and rear dumbbell raises for shoulder mass and stability.

If you try to rush the process, it won’t work. The key is to know what you did in the last session and plan to make a small amount of solid increases in the next session. Trust me—it adds up quickly.

Also, don’t be afraid to deload and back off in weight and or volume, especially after you hit a peak. This will let you go the distance. Remember, the next step off a peak is always down. Step back, or fall off.

My Experience with the Triple Progression System

I was able to bring my barbell press from a very paltry 5×5 with 65lb to a pretty decent 135lb and a max press of 160 (98% of bodyweight) with this system. Ed Cashin, SFG II, used this system exclusively to bring his 36kg kettlebell press up to a 48kg Beast press over the course of seven months. A female student of his went from a 28kg press to a strong (but not totally strict) 36kg press using the same template.

I am currently at 3 sets of 4 and 2 sets of 3 with 140lb in the barbell military press and I am planning on being able to do 5×5 with 150lb in the near future. I will retake my 1RM in the press then, too.

But specific training for single rep attempts is a different animal and another subject. What we are talking about here is building the base. The bigger the base, the higher the peak. No way around that. The downside is that it is a slow process. It works, but it does take patience and determination. Again, we are talking about owning the sets and reps, not just surviving them.

Here’s an excerpt from my training log as I worked up to my 135lb military press for 5×5 for the first time:

  • March 14: 125 x 5 sets of 3
  • March 21: 125 x 4 sets of 4, 1 set of 5
  • March 28: 125 x 5 sets of 5, PR
  • April 4: 105 x 5 sets of 5
  • April 11: 135 x 4 sets of 2, 1 set of 3 (when I feel I am owning the reps, I might go up on the last set to “feel” next week’s reps)
  • April 18: 135 x 5 sets of 3
  • April 25: 135 x 4 sets of 4, 1 set of 5
  • May 2: 105lbs x 6 sets of 6
  • May 9: 115 x 6 sets of 6
  • May 16: 120 x 5 sets of 5
  • May 25: 125 x 5 sets of 3
  • June 6: 115 x 5 sets of 5
  • June 20: 125 x 5 sets of 5, PR
  • June 27: 135x 5 sets of 3
  • July 4: 135 2 sets of 4, 3 sets of 3
  • July 11: 135 5 sets of 4
  • July 18: 135 5 sets of 5, PR!!!

And goal accomplished.

In just seventeen training sessions, once per week.

A few weeks after, August 1, I felt spry and decided to take a weight to see where I was. I ended up at 160lb, just about bodyweight (I weighed 164 that day). I know it was 100% effort as I tried 165 and missed.

Note: for the last two years of military press training logs and the daily debrief of all my training go to my blog. I have logged every training session since May 2004.

How to Get Started

First, find your baseline. Let’s use the kettlebell press as an example. You test and find you can press 5 sets of 5/5 with a 20kg kettlebell strongly, but can’t do this with a 24kg. That’s your starting place.

Your first goal is to be able to do five sets with the weight, regardless of the rep count. So, next session you use the 24kg and find you can do 3 sets of 3/3, but in your fourth and fifth sets you only get reps of 2/2. All the while, making sure to not exceed 80% effort.

The next session, your goal is to make those 2-rep sets into 3-rep sets until you achieve 5 sets of 3/3. Then you work on increasing the 2- and 3-rep sets into 3- and 4-rep sets, until you can achieve 5 sets of 4/4. Then you start working on making those into 5-rep sets and so on.

Once 5 sets of 5/5 are done, repeat that workout (at least once) until you feel you own the weight and volume.

Then, go up to the next kettlebell and repeat the process. This works even if your next jump only allows for 3-4 sets of 1 rep. It’s not where you start—it’s how you build up that counts.

If one arm lags behind the other, stay with the weight until both arms are at the same level.

As with all real strength training, resting for at least two minutes between sets is crucial. This is not the time to worry about your calorie burn or your met-con—especially when you’re talking five-rep sets with challenging loads for five sets. You might get away with rushing the rest periods in the beginning, but once you take the loads up a few times, you will learn to relish those rest stops.

Of course, you don’t want to cool off too much or lose all rhythm, either. Work to develop an instinct for when it’s time to go. The clock can only tell you so much—learn to listen to your body.

Because as you go up in weight the loads automatically decrease to an appropriate level, there is a naturally undulating wave built into this method. This combined with the lifts only being increased once per week seems to prevent overtraining.

If, for any reason, you feel the loads are getting too heavy or slow, don’t hesitate to drop back to your former load for a week or two and use that to refresh yourself. This is especially true with the barbell versions of the press, but it goes for all other grind lifts, as well. When in doubt, back off and rebuild.

Ballistic Variations

As I wrote earlier, this progression can be used for the ballistic lifts, as well. Swings, cleans, and snatches respond well to this training method.

Say your goal is 200 swings with a certain kettlebell in sets of 10/10. So, you are looking for 10 sets of 10/10, but when you test, you can only do 10 sets of 5/5. The same principle applies: sets, reps, and then weight. Since you can do the 10 sets, start slowly increasing the reps—10 sets of 6/6, then 7/7, 8/8, etc.

You will find that you need to back off more often with this type of volume. I suggest no more than three weeks of advancement before taking a down week. Again, I only try to increase the workload once per week. You can definitely have another training day in between these heavy sessions, but either do a different kind of ballistic lift or lighter loads.

I went from being able to do 5 sets of 5/5 with the 48kg in the one-arm swing to 10 sets of 10/10 on a weekly basis using this technique. I also passed the 100-rep five-minute swing test from Simple & Sinister with the 36, 40, and 44kg kettlebells. Next up is the 48kg for my sixtieth birthday challenge in March 2017. I have no reason to think this approach won’t work for this, as it has for all my previous goals.

The triple progression system is a time-tested, tried and true, classic method of building a solid base to gain basic strength, up your numbers, and build a base to peak off. It’s as simple as can be, but as we all know, simple does not mean easy—especially when it gets heavy.

Now, go get stronger!

Press safe, press heavy with

A Complete Guide to Pressing Heavy Kettlebell

By Fabio Zonin, StrongFirst Certified Master Instructor

Victorious online course
Mark Reifkind
Mark has been traversing the physical culture world for the last 44 years. He has been an elite gymnast, bodybuilder, and powerlifter. He has also trained and raced for ultramarathons and triathlons. Mark found the kettlebell in 1998, was certified in 2005, and has been teaching others around the globe since. Mark opened the first ever kettlebell-centric gym, Girya, The Art of Strength in 2003.

As a coach, he has worked with Olympic gymnasts and was the Head Coach for Women's Team USA in 1995 and the first ever Pan American Powerlifting Chanpionships in 2000. He was the personal coach for one of the most successful American female powerlifters Catherine Kelii. He was also personal coach and training partner for Pro Mr. America and bodybuilding legend Scott Wilson.

Mark has been writing in the field since 1979 and has been published by IronMan Magazine, Muscle Mag International, Milo, Runners World, and Velo. He has also written numerous articles for StrongFirst. He has authored Mastering the Hardstyle Kettlebell Swing, Lats, the Supermuscles, and BodyMaintenance, the Users Guide, and Restoring Lost Physical Function.

His blog was the first ever kettlebell blog. His website is Girya Strength, and he can also be found on Facebook. Mark's current project is co-authoring a book with Dr. Ken Ford on delaying sarcopenia (muscle wasting).

25 thoughts on “The Triple Progression System Explained

  • I can attest to this program and methodological approach. I have been a student and training partner of Mark Reifkind since 2000. In that time I have found tremendous success personally and in my coaching using this strategy.

  • Simo, one last thing, personally I found jumps of 2.5 Kg ( 2 @ 1.25) to be very large when nearing the top of each training peak for military press (this lift only). Try buying a pair of 0.5 Kg plates so you can use with the gym ones for smaller increments. Also to squeeze another increment before the inevitable de-load, try working 5×6, then jump to 6×4 on next increment up, then work to own/strong 5×5 again on that new load, it helps me, it might work for you?

  • Hi Simo,
    I am 42 (almost 43) with the physique of a computer engineer (and a small weak one at that). Recently I strict-form (no leg cheating) pressed 45Kg 5×5 military (standing to attention) and just this morning I did 5×5 from floor to ceiling on 40Kg as part of a quick session (dead/clean/strict-press/down, for each rep). I am sure you can achieve your goal by planning long term, using 5×5 with slowly increasing loads (always owning before progressing) not being afraid to deload now and again (3 steps forwards, 2 steps back, repeat!). Just follow Mark’s advice above and train consistently and persistently and you will get there. Sadly I hadn’t discovered StrongFirst when I started, but the advice above is almost exactly what I discovered works for me. I wish I’d read the advice above a year ago, it would have saved me from taking a few wrong directions on the way. Good luck and keep progressing, don’t be disappointing if you find the press may build up the slowest of all the lifts, it’s that way for everyone, and why military press used to be used as THE strength test.

  • Hello from Finland! I’m planning to clean and press 40 kg before I’m 40 years old (March 2018). Actually a part of the goal is to di this on 40 minutes – 40-40-40 – sounds nice, you know 😉 I think now I am able to do this with 24 or 28 kg. Do you think I should try this instead of the russian ladder system?

    • And clean and press with a kettlebell. Your system looks interesting. Now I’ve been doing Simple and Siniset with 28 kg.

    • Simo

      many methods will work. try what you like and if it doesn’t work try something else. You have to experiment and figure out what fits YOU. There are many roads to Rome

  • Great article. What I took away from this is “listen to your body not your ego” which I need to be reminded of too often.

    • well yes and no. it’s the ego that wants us to keep getting better and lifting more.
      this protocol makes sure you earn the next weight up buy making you do enough work to mean you own it.
      makes it safer. slower, but safer

  • Thanks Mark. What I took away from this is “listen to your body not your ego” which I need to be reminded of too often

  • Welcome Back Mark. I really enjoy your articles. Let me see if I understand this correctly. If I can press the 20kg for 5 sets of 5 reps comfortably. One day each week I should use the 24 kg and try to do as many reps over 5 sets as a I can even if my left arm can do as many as my right. Then I build with the 24kg but back down whenever I feel the load is to heavy. So for example the second week with the 24kg I might only be able to get 1 or 2 reps per set but I try to even that out over the next several weeks till I get to 5×5.

    Is there anything else I can do in between? Cause I really want to own the 24kg

    • Anthony

      thanks for the welcome . very very glad to be home again.and yes you’ve got it right.

      as far as other things to do you can also do another pressing day of medium effort. I like pushups so I do 3 sets of those three times a week purely as a muscle builder and to increase load on the shoulders and triceps

      I also do a few db laterals for the side and rear delts to increase shoulder size and stabilization
      check out my blog for the details and figure out what YOUR body needs to balance out it’s weaknesses

  • Sir, do you plan your progression or you just follow your feelings ?
    This could also be used for complexes with no problem, i think i might use it someday:) my kb pressing sucks…

    • Matt

      I try to increase from the last workout just a little, if I can. If i’m not feeling great even if I can get one more rep on one more set I’m happy.

      BUT I don’t hesitate to back off the weight and re build as well. there literally is no hurry

  • Thanks for a good article! Would it be too much to try this to improve two lift at the same time? I was thinking of combining the deadlift and the kettlebell press and training them on different days.

    • Not too much at all. I do the press on Monday’s and use the same system to train my heavy one arm swings on Saturdays.
      Because the loading is only one day a week and their are regressions already built into the program you can do two or even three lifts at a time using this program.
      Plus the total # of lifts, even at it’s peak ( 5×5) is low.

      • Can this approach be used with full body workouts or for splits only?
        Sa: Push – Work to 5×5 / Pull – Work to 5×5
        Tu: Light Push / Light Pull (other exercises)
        Th: Light Push / Light Pull (other exercises)

        I’m using a similar template in the last months, because I can only do my hard exercises on weekends (I do weighted pullups und dips at my backyard und coming homer after work it’s too dark and cold outside) and using your 5×5 progression method would suit in this template perfectly.

        • it could be used for the whole body but I couldn’t see how you could do more than three or four exercises in this fashion successfully.
          it’s a TON of work and things get heavy and intense pretty quickly with it.

  • What was your nutritional plan? I would think you would have gained some muscle mass if you ate the protein to support it.

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